Bioreactors are large industrial vessels that provide optimal conditions for the growth of microorganisms for biochemical processes. Bioreactors are used to accelerate biochemical processes such as fermentation and the production of antibiotic drugs, where bacteria or yeast are added to perform the reaction as inoculum.
According to Valuates Report, the global bioreactors market is expected to rise at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.13 per cent from USD 1256.24 million in 2018 to USD 2035.26 million by the end of 2025.
This growth in the bioreactors market size is attributed mainly to the "Rapid growth of biopharmaceuticals and biologics industry." Further, it is expected that the global market for bioreactors will highlight opportunities such as high market potential in emerging economies and increased demand for personalized medicine.
On a generic level, the above question can be answered easily, that is,
However, to gain a more in-depth understanding of the rising trend happening in the Bioreactors Market, one must understand the various types of it.
There are several types of Bioreactors, amongst them the major ones are:
Membrane bioreactor are the combination of a membrane system such as microfiltration or ultrafiltration pared along with a method of treatment for biological wastewater such as the activated sludge process. The membrane bioreactor are now widely used for the treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater.
A membrane bioreactor in simple terms can be said as a variant of the traditional activated sludge system (CAS). The membrane bioreactor for wastewater treatment is considered to be highly effective
Packed-bed bioreactor are tubular types of reactors where layers biocatalysts such as an immobilized enzyme or microbial cells are packed. Various techniques are used for immobilization purposes in the packed bed bioreactor. The most common methods for immobilization are encapsulation, cross-linking, covalent bonding and adsorption.
Airlift bioreactor are tower reactors for a large-scale aerobic culture where the inserted gas mixes the culture broth through an airlift pump. The dispersal of the gas phase throughout the ALR occurs with decreasing the bubble size.
A continuous stirred tank bioreactor is a batch reactor that is equipped with an impeller or other mixing devices to mix effectively. Biohydrogen producing microbial population is wholly distributed in these forms of bioreactor and is suspended in the reactor with the aid of stirrer with the mixed liquor. As a result, the bacteria are completely suspended in the alcohol of the reactor and carry an equal load of biomass in the effluent.
In the fluidized bed bioreactor, a fluid is passed through a solid granular material in this type of reactor at sufficiently high speeds to suspend the solid and cause it to act as if it were a fluid.
Bubble columns are part of a family of pneumatic bioreactor. There are no electrical or otherwise moving components of these bioreactor. The upper part of the bubble column bioreactor is often extended to facilitate the separation of gas. The bubble column bioreactor is a device used to generate and control chemical gas-liquid reactions. This consists of a horizontally formed, liquid-filled cylindrical column at the bottom of which gas is inserted.
A photobioreactor is a bioreactor that grows phototrophic microorganisms using a light source. Such species use photosynthesis to produce biomass from light and carbon dioxide. These include trees, mosses, macroalgae, microalgae, cyanobacteria and violet bacteria. Although photobioreactoroffer better process control than open ponds, it is not an easy task to maintain optimal temperatures in closed photobioreactor, mainly when operating outdoor systems.
WHAT ARE THE APPLICATION OF BIOREACTOR?
By know, it must be very evident that the significant application of bioreactor is in wastewater treatment. Apart from this, bioreactors are also used for other applications.
Applications of Bioreactor:
Bioreactor technological advances have increased the efficiency, reliability and scalability of the entire operations. Furthermore, creative methods and analytical tools are projected to enhance process robustness, accelerate scale-up to industrial production, and boost resource efficiency. All these factors are sure to accelerate the expansion of the bioreactors market.